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HIPAR

Description of the radar set, tactical-technical characteristics

Figure 1: AN/MPQ-43

Figure 1: AN/MPQ-43

Specifications
frequency: 1 350 … 1 450 MHz
(L-band)
pulse repetition time (PRT):
pulse repetition frequency (PRF): 417 … 438 Hz
pulsewidth (τ): 6 µs
receiving time:
dead time:
peak power: 6 MW
average power: 26 kW
instrumented range: 500 km
range resolution:
accuracy:
beamwidth: 1.2°
hits per scan:
antenna rotation:
MTBCF:
MTTR:

HIPAR

HIPAR (High Power Acquisition Radar) was an L-band target acquisition radar designed specifically for the Improved Nike-Hercules air defense missile system. The mobile version was called AN/MPQ-43. It uses the same electronic components as the stationary system. However, unlike the stationary version, the AN/MPQ-43 is capable of switching the antenna from a cosec² pattern to a fan beam pattern.

Since this radar was very powerful but too expensive, the AN/FPS-56 and AN/FPS-75 were used as replacements in some military units.