Figure 1: Guglielmo Marconi
Guglielmo Marconi (☆ 25 April 1874 in Bologna, Italy - † 20 July 1937 in Rome) was an Italian radio pioneer.
Marconi was interested in the research of Maxwell and Hertz on the propagation of electromagnetic waves. In 1895 he developed a grounded transmitter antenna that could transmit signals to a point 2400 meters away. In his experiments he used a wire tied to a wooden tent pole. The word for antenna is derived from the Italian name for tent pole l'antenna centrale.
Marconi travelled to England in 1896. There he convinced the general director of the postal administration, William Preece, for his system of wireless telegraphy and had the method patented. In 1899 he succeeded in establishing the first wireless connection across the English Channel, and in 1901 the first transatlantic radio transmission.
In 1909 Marconi was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, together with the German physicist Karl Ferdinand Braun, for his work on wireless communication. In 1935 he was appointed professor for the chair of radio waves at the University of Rome.