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Weather Radar WSR-88D

Jacksonville, Florida NWS Nexrad WSR-88D radar tower
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Figure 1: Jacksonville, Florida NWS Nexrad WSR-88D radar tower

First Manufacturer: Sperry Corporation (1910-1986)

The WSR-88D (Weather Surveillance Radar) is a Doppler radar, introduced in 1988. In addition to obtaining intensity and location of weather cells, the WSR-88D makes use of the Doppler shift to determine radial velocities of individual cells. In velocity display mode, the WSR-88D is capable of determining significant wind shear as one might find in the tightly rotating column of a tornadic storm. By using the intensity mode and velocity mode together, users can determine much more information about a storm than was capable with previous radars. Mesoscale rotations which typically indicate intense thunderstorms are discernable in the velocity mode, and this enhances forecast leadtimes for the onset of severe weather. The sensitivity is about 0 dBZE at a range of 50 km. The reporting interval is a complete volume scan every 6 minutes for 15 different elevation angles.

Characteristics of the WSR-88D radar are as follows:

Beschreibung des Radargerätes; ausgewählte Taktisch-technische Daten
Description of the radar set, tactical-technical characteristics
Description de l'unité de radar, les caractéristiques techniques tactique
Radar birimi, taktik-teknik özellikleri açıklaması
Описание; Основные тактико-технические характеристики (Базы данных)

Specifications
frequency: 2,700 - 3,000 Megahertzes
pulse repetition time (PRT):  
pulse repetition frequency (PRF): 320…450, …1300 Hz
pulsewidth (τ): 1.57 and 4.57 µs
receive time:  
dead time:  
peak power: 750 kW
average power:  
displayed range: 460 km
range resolution: 47 m or 135 m
beamwidth: 0,96° (2,7GHz) to 0,88° (3 GHz)
display levels: 15
antenna rotation: 3 rpm